Artificial Intelligence is a constellation of machines coming together which enables the machine to act with higher levels of intelligence and adopt the qualities of human beings like the capability of sense, comprehend and act. Thus in layman terminology, Artificial Intelligence is the capability of machines to perform tasks and duties and work like humans.
With the fastest growing economy and the world’s second-largest population, India contributes to the big and key development of Artificial Intelligence. Artificial Intelligence with an avatar of more productivity and a high success rate, it becomes important to know more and more about its daily updates.
In October 2020, the Telangana Government collaborated with Intel India, International Institute of Information Technology, Hyderabad and Public Foundation of India to launch INAI.
Why choose Artificial Intelligence for India?
- Big companies and industries are few numbers in India. With the help of Artificial Intelligence technology, it can boost up growth and profitability and transform businesses.
- For entrepreneurs and young companies, Artificial Intelligence can help in providing them with a good start and can take them to higher levels.
- Further, at a time where India is striving from developing to developed, Artificial intelligence promises to fill that gap. A full-fledged and successful implementation of Artificial Intelligence will open economic opportunities that would not have existed otherwise.
- With incredible advances made in the field of data collection, processing and computation, Artificial Intelligence can now be deployed to deal with a variety of tasks and enhance productivity.
Jointly developed by MeitY and NASSCOM in June 2020, the Indian Government launched a dedicated artificial intelligence portal, Indian AI is slated as a central hub for everything.
AI challenges in India
- India has a comparatively less number of researchers required in machine learning and research production.
- India is still backwards when it comes to awareness in regards to using Artificial Intelligence technology daily.
- India’s business is still reluctant to the emerging Artificial Intelligence technology because of being a developing country.
- India regarding its current personnel is not qualified to deal with high tech machinery and thus require high quality educated personnel.
Each day there is unexpected technological advancement and up gradation taking place. Keeping this aspect in consideration, countries all over the globe have started contributing their investment in Artificial Intelligence. Further, countries are aware of the potential and social and economic benefits of developing and applying Artificial Intelligence. Some countries like China and the United Kingdom have estimated their GDP growth to be reached by 26% and 10% in 2030 which will be sourced from Artificial Intelligence related activities and businesses. The countries have begun to draft policies in this respect.
- The USA published its report on Artificial Intelligence in December 2016;
- France published its Artificial Intelligence strategy in January 2017 followed by a detailed policy document;
- The UK released its industrial strategy in November 2017;
- India published its discussion paper related to Artificial Intelligence in 2018.
Furthermore, UK has planned to build over 1000 government-supported PhD researchers by 2025 and set up a Turing Fellowship for the AI trainees. Even China has launched a 5-year programme to train 500 teachers along with 5000 students working on AI technologies. Moreover, studies by EY and NASSCOM reflects that by 2022, around 46% of the workforce will be engaged in entirely new jobs that do not exist today and will be much more dependent and related to AI.
The technological invasion is bringing problems at one end and at the same time is bringing a lot of opportunities on the other end. In the case of India, technological up-gradation has been a big piece of news in the past years. In general India’s digital footprint has been on the rise for the past years. Even the government is welcoming the technological invasion and is accordingly setting and framing up new policies in this regard. Further different agencies and institutions are setting up policies and developing programmes that help the trainees to be well versed with the technological age. With a little understanding of proper use of resources, India being a developing country is slowly progressing with the Artificial Intelligence age but at any time it can take a leap and surpass the forerunning countries. Big Companies like such as Airtel and Jio are setting up Artificial Intelligence labs which are designed to train their staff with the new machine learning system.
– Munis Nasir
(Student Editor, LawDIKTAT)